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BA1a SpongeBob

Clip 9 - SpongeBob

What principles were used?

  • Straight Ahead Action

  • Exaggeration

  • Appeal

  • Secondary action

  • Follow through and Overlapping Action


Firstly, the most obvious principle visible in this clip is the exaggeration. This can be seen in the facial expression of SpongeBob, as his cheeks puff out an unnatural amount and his mouths stretches out to showcase him trying to blow the fire out. This is a great example of exaggeration since it makes SpongeBob seem frantic and scared while still adding some sort comedic value. Another principle that we can see is secondary action. SpongeBob's eyes are wide, his fists are clenched and his brows are furrowed. This gives the audience the impression that SpongeBob is worried and stressed about the current situation.

Secondly, the principle appeal is also seen in this clip as the character design makes SpongeBob look soft and naïve. The ways they did this is by giving him simple and neat clothing with a small hat, making him look small and adorable. We can also see overlapping action, as SpongeBob's hat moves slightly slower than SpongeBob and keeps moving backwards even when he starts moving forwards again, which is follow through.

Regarding the fire, I would believe the animators used straight ahead action since fire is unpredictable, and this method is extremely effective at showcasing this effect.

To summarise this blog post, this clip has a multitude of principles that add so much to the scene. If we did not have secondary action or exaggeration, it may look like SpongeBob was not putting effort into blowing the fire out etc.


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